Clusters

A cluster is a named set of components that are grouped together for a specific modeling, animation, or texturing purpose. By grouping and naming components, it makes it easier to work with those same components again and again. For example, by grouping all points that form an eyebrow, you can easily deform the eyebrow as an object instead of trying to reselect the same points each time you work with it. You can also apply operators like deformations or Cloth to specific clusters instead of an entire object.

You can define as many clusters on an object as you like, and the same component can belong to a number of different clusters.

You can define clusters for points, edges, polygons, subsurfaces, and other components. Each cluster can contain one type of component. For example, a cluster can contain points or polygons, but not both.

A cluster can contain only elements from a single object. Clusters cannot span multiple objects.

 

Spinning top with two clusters: Top (A) and Bottom (B)

 

Clusters may shift if you edit an operator in an object’s construction history and add components before the position where the cluster was created.

Creating Clusters

In addition to creating a cluster, you can create a cluster constrained to a null (cluster center) or you can create non-overlapping clusters. Non-overlapping clusters are particularly useful when applying local materials and textures to polygons.

 

Clusters are also created automatically when you apply deformations, apply materials, or perform other operations on selected components.

To create a cluster

1. Select some components.

- If you select different types of components like edges and polygons, a separate cluster will be created for each type.

- If you select components on different objects, separate clusters will be created per object.

2. Choose Edit > Create Cluster from the Edit panel. A cluster is created and automatically selected.

3. If desired, press Enter to open the cluster’s property editor and change the default name. You can also change the default display color for unselected clusters — this is useful if you have many clusters on the same object.

To create a cluster and a center

1. Select components on an object.

2. Choose Edit > Create Cluster with Center from the Edit panel. A cluster and a null are created, with a Cluster Center deformation already applied. The null center is automatically selected.

3. Modify and animate the scaling, rotation, and translation of the null to affect the cluster.

For more information about cluster center deformations, see Cluster Centers [Modeling and Deformation Basics].

To create non-overlapping clusters

1. Select components on an object.

2. Choose Edit > Create Non-Overlapping Cluster from the Edit panel. A new cluster is created, but any components that are already in a cluster are omitted.

Selecting Clusters

You can select clusters in a 3D view or by using the explorer. Selected clusters are displayed in white by default.

For more information about selecting in general, including selection tools and filters, see Selecting.

 

Using the Shift key, you can select a combination of components and clusters at the same time.

To select clusters in the 3D views

1. Do one of the following:

- With a selection tool and component filter active, click the Cluster button on the Select panel. Note that the Cluster button changes to the Group button when an object-type filter is active.

 

or

- With a component filter active, press the = key.

or

- If both Select > SI|3D Selection Model and Select > Extended Component Selection are off, use the middle mouse button when a select tool and component filter are active.

2. Use the mouse to select components.

- If a component is a member of a cluster, the cluster is selected.

- If a component is a member of multiple clusters, all the clusters are selected. You can use the Selection button to refine the selection further (see Refining the Selection with the Selection Explorer).

- If a component is not a member of any cluster, nothing is selected.

To explore all clusters on the active object

• Click the Clusters button at the bottom of the Select panel. A pop-up explorer opens, showing all clusters on the active objects.

You can use this pop-up explorer to select one or more clusters just as in an explorer window. See Selecting Elements in the Explorer [Interface and Tools].

To select the member components of a cluster

• With a cluster selected, choose Select > Select Members/Components. The components that make up the cluster are selected as multiple components.

Viewing Clusters

You can toggle the display of clusters in the 3D views, change cluster display colors, and display cluster reference frames.

To display clusters

• Click on a view’s Show menu (eye icon) and choose Clusters.

 

For other ways of setting this and other display options, see Displaying Types of Elements and Other Data [Viewing and Playback].

Changing Cluster Display Colors

By default, components in clusters are displayed in green. If you have many clusters on an object and need to distinguish them easily, you can set their display color.

 

You can also change the default color for newly created clusters. For more information, see Setting Scene Colors [Viewing and Playback].

To change cluster display colors

1. Select a cluster and press Enter. The Cluster property editor opens.

2. Use the sliders to adjust the red, green, and blue components of the cluster’s display color.

Cluster Reference Frames

Like objects, selected components and clusters have a local center. Unlike objects, this reference frame is computed dynamically; it is the average local reference frame of all the selected components. You can display this reference frame as a visual guide, which is useful when setting tangency and normal parameters for object to cluster constraints.

 

The displayed cluster reference frame is not necessarily the same as the reference frame use for manipulating components in Local mode. The displayed cluster reference frame is a single average, while non-adjacent components use their own reference frames for manipulation.

To enable multiple visual cues when transforming non-adjacent components, turn on Show Multiple Transform Axes in your Transform preferences. For more information about transforming components and clusters, see Manipulating Components [Modeling and Deformation Basics].

To display or hide cluster reference frames

1. Do one of the following:

- For a single 3D view, press Shift+S or click the eye icon (Show menu) and choose Visibility Options.

 

or

- For all open 3D views, choose Display > Visibility Options (All Cameras) from the main menu.

The Camera Visibility property editor opens.

2. On the Attributes tab, change the following options (under Selected Objects):

- Cluster Reference Frame displays an axes indicator for the selected clusters or components.

- Cluster Reference Frame Info displays the XYZ position of the reference frame.

Adding and Removing Components from Clusters

After you have created a cluster, you can still add and remove members.

To add components to clusters

1. Select a cluster.

2. Add one or more components of the same type to the selection.

3. Do one of the following:

- In the Edit panel, click the + button (next to the Cluster button).

 

or

- Choose Edit > Add to Cluster from the Edit panel.

 

When you add components to an object, any new components that are completely surrounded by similar components in a cluster are automatically added to the cluster.

However if you manually add components to a cluster after applying a topology operator, any components you subsequently add to the cluster will not be affected by operators previously applied to the cluster.

For example, if you apply a Twist deformation to a point cluster on a surface and then add a knot curve to the surface, any points you add to the cluster will not be affected by the Twist.

To remove components from clusters

1. Select a cluster.

2. Add one or more of the components in the cluster to the selection.

3. Do one of the following:

- In the Edit panel, click the button (next to the Cluster button).

 

or

- Choose Edit > Remove from Cluster from the Edit panel.

Local Materials and Polygon Clusters

When you apply a material or texture to selected polygons or a polygon cluster, Softimage creates a local material on the cluster. For more information about local materials and textures in general, see Assigning Materials to Selected Polygons and Polygon Clusters [Materials and Shaders].

Removing Clusters

Removing a cluster removes the group, but does not remove the individual components from the object.

To remove a cluster

1. Select a cluster.

2. Choose Edit > Remove Cluster from the Edit panel.

Alternatively, you can delete a selected cluster using the explorer view by pressing Delete.



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